How To Become A Sonographer In Australia: A Complete Guide

Students want to know how they can become a sonographer in Australia.


Are you thinking of pursuing sonography as a career in Australia?


Sonographers are in high demand, and becoming a sonographer is a popular career option. It allows you to earn a decent wage while helping and treating people.


So, if you want to become a sonographer and pursue it as a career, then you are at the right place! The following article contains all the necessary information to become a successful sonographer in Australia.


1. What is a Sonographer

The sonographer is a medical professional who specializes in the use of ultrasonic imaging devices to create diagnostic images, scans, and videos. A sonographer creates ultrasound images of various parts of the body using imaging equipment and soundwaves.


They are taught how to acquire and analyze sonographic images. These images are used to help doctors in diagnosing and treating a variety of medical conditions.


2. What Do Sonographers Do?

A sonographer's duties are to keep daily logs of patients, handle billing procedures, and perform routine machine maintenance. Sonographers know how to analyze sonographic images.


3. Major Duties and Tasks of Sonographer

The following are the duties and tasks of sonographer in Australia:


  • Setting up the ultrasound equipment.

  • Performing ultrasound examinations.

  • Producing images resulting from the ultrasound examinations.

  • Interpreting ultrasound images to aid patient diagnosis.

  • Carrying out training on ultrasound equipment for other healthcare professionals.

  • Addressing patients concerns before, during, and after ultrasound examinations.

  • Keeping up to date records of scans performed and images produced.

  • Referring patients to other healthcare professionals and facilities, when necessary.


4. Is Sonography a Good Career In Australia?


Sonography is an excellent career choice in Australia. Sonographers with 5 years of experience earn an average of AU$56.38 per hour.


This profession is high in demand, and most people are interested in pursuing it as a full-time job.



5. Main Duties of Sonographer

The following are the main duties of a sonographer:


  • Ultrasound testing Image interpretation

  • Cardiology

  • E/R

  • Routine duties and tasks


6. Steps To Become a Sonographer in Australia

Below you can find the complete steps on how to become a certified sonographer in Australia:


Education and training


  • To become a sonographer, you must first complete an undergrad program majoring in medical radiation science or medical sonography, followed by a graduation diploma in sonography.



Registration and license



Graduate entry program


  • If you’re applying through a graduate-entry program, you need to hold a bachelor’s degree first. You can further review the university requirements on how to apply and understand the entry requirements.


The following are the basic university entry requirements:


  • GMSAT: You are required to appear in the graduate medical school admission test and pass with a decent score.


  • GPA: The GPA requirements are pretty straightforward. You must earn a good GPA in order to get into a university.


  • Interview: The university might conduct an interview before admission. Interviews play an important role in the admission process as it is a pathway to get to know about the students and their potential.


7. Schools in Australia that Offer Sonography Courses

Following are the schools in Australia that offer sonography degrees. However, the entrance requirements/criteria might differ from institution to institution.



8. Key Skills of Sonographer

The following are the key skills of a great sonographer:


Great Communication Skills

Communication is considered the most important skill in the medical field as patients are usually nervous when they are getting their body examination done. A sonographer must have excellent communication skills. Great communication skills will help the patient to relax.


A sonographer must briefly explain the procedure before starting the process. It helps the patient to calm down.


Technical Skills and Eye-Hand Coordination

Sonographers use various technical operating equipment. For that purpose, solid technical skills are required in order to operate the equipment. They should have technical skills and eye-hand coordination. Sonographers will usually learn these skills with the passage of time as they gain experience.


Patience is the key as it might take a while to learn technical skills and eye-hand coordination.


Keen Learner

If you have a passion to learn continuously, this profession is perfect for you as the learning process never stops. The sonographer will keep on learning new techniques and methods because continuous learning and education will be a requirement to maintain this job.




If you have a passion for learning continuously, this profession is perfect for you as the learning process never stops. The sonographer will keep on learning new techniques and methods. Continuous learning and education will be a requirement to maintain this job.


Physical strength

Diagnostic sonographers work on their feet for long periods of time. They have to lift and move the patient who needs help and assistance. Physical strength is an important aspect while working as a sonographer because of the long shifts.


However, sonographers need the ultimate stamina to carry out their day as the typical timing of the duty is 9 to 5. However, there is a probability of overtime and long shifts.


Mental strength

Mental strength is the ability to concentrate and focus. The sonographer must have strong mental strength, as well as the ability to demonstrate judgment, emotional stability, and empathy, and maturity for others.


Sonographers might be required to make decisions on their own in a potentially busy environment, so they must be able to deal with stress well. However, the sonographer’s mental strength should be strong enough that he/she can deal with stressful situations without getting panicked.



The primary reason for professionalism is to ensure the safety of patients as the safety of the patient is the main and one of the important concerns. Sonographers must be professionals who can effectively communicate while adhering to the principles of honesty.

Ability to work under pressure

Sonographers must be able to cope with the pressure during emergencies. Medical emergencies can happen anytime. A sonographer must be ready for every possible situation and should be strong enough to deal with it. They must build time management skills beforehand in order to decrease stress and increase the productivity rate.


9. The Subjects That Sonographer’s Study


  • Principles of General Sonography

  • Sonography Patient wellbieng

  • OB/GYN Scanning and Pathology

  • Vascular Scanning

  • The extensive module of sonography

  • Superficial and Small Parts Scanning

  • Registry Review

  • Abdominal Sonography and Scanning

  • Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation


10. How Much Does It Cost to Study Sonography in Australia?


The cost of medical degrees varies from university to university. An Australian sonography degree is not only cheaper compared to other countries, but the degree also holds value to it.


Most medical undergraduate programs in Australia have tuition fees ranging from “AU$57,760 to AU$71,488 per year.” That is why international students prefer Australia for education as the country provides quality and affordable education.


11. The Difference Between Sonography and Radiology


Sonography and radiography are two critical components of medical diagnosis. These two imaging technologies help create images of internal body parts and tissues. Doctors gain valuable information about their patients from these images, which allows them to diagnose diseases and treat them appropriately.


While both sonography and radiography are used for medical imaging, they use different technologies. There are only a few fundamental technical differences between sonography and radiography. Following are the main differences between sonography and radiology.


The difference in technology

The main difference between sonography and radiology is the use of different technologies. Radiography uses tons of technologies which include radiations such as MRIs and CT scans. Whereas, sonographers utilize sound waves to create images inside the body.


The Diagnostic uses

The diagnostic processes of sonography and radiology are also different. Radiology is used in the diagnosis of various medical conditions such as diagnosing cancer, treating injuries and diseases. However, sonography focuses on specific body parts including breasts and the heart.


The Safety Measures and Protection protocols


Radiology requires much more protocols than sonography as the radiation can be dangerous under some circumstances, for example, during pregnancy. However, sonography does not require such safety measures and protection protocols.


The Different study paths and salaries

Radiologists and sonographers earn different salaries. A radiologist might earn more than a sonographer. The average salary of a sonographer in Australia is 111,000 AU$. However, the average salary of a radiologist in Australia is about 136,000 AU$.


Moreover, the subjects they study also differ from one another as radiology and sonography are two different but important medical fields of medicine.


12. Sonographer Salary in Australia

Currently, sonographers are among decent-paid jobs in Australia. The average sonographer salary in Australia is $121,326 per year or $62.22 per hour.


Entry-level positions start at $111,443 per year, while most experienced workers make up to $136,500 per year”.



13. Facts About Sonography


Completing a Sonography program might take a while. A program leading to an Associate Degree in Diagnostic Medical Sonography is one of the best options. Although, it takes two years to complete a degree from a CAAHEP accredited program.


These programs require students to focus on all prerequisites before beginning the sonography core curriculum, which relieves some of the student's study stress.


Required courses include physiology, physics, sonography instrumentation, medical terminology and, autonomy. If a student is facing difficulties, there is a lot of help available online. However, a student can always ask their professors questions. Questions are a great way to clear your concerns about the course or assignments.


If a student has a solid foundation, it will be easier for them to pursue the rest of the course. The sonography program requires a lot of passion and dedication and is much easier to manage if a student does not work part-time. As generally, medical programs are hard and require dedication, it is suggested not to work part-time while studying. Many medical programs require now that students don't work part-time while studying.


Students who have family responsibilities must manage their studies as the course requires a lot of extensive modules. However, everything can be done with planning. Many mothers attend sonography school and plan their routines accordingly, as a passion has no age limit. If you have the ultimate will to achieve something in life, you can achieve it with pure hard work. As someone has rightly said, if you can dream it, you can do it.


Every field of medicine requires some training. Training allows you to develop and shape your medical staff to meet the needs of your practice. Clinical training is essential for sonography students as they learn about the technical aspects of the job and patient care techniques.


The training would be full-time, physically demanding, and stressful because it takes place in a real-world setting. However, the training is always completed under a professional and certified sonographer that will guide you accordingly.



14. Closing words


Your career as a sonographer holds value and responsibility. The profession requires some serious dedication and patience but is a rewarding job. As a sonographer, you must be professional and hardworking. Hard work is vital in every field of life, and it will take you to places.


However, you need to be responsible enough to take on this responsibility. As a sonographer, you are part of the medical diagnosis team, and you can not allow yourself to make any mistakes.


Hopefully, this guide on how to become a sonographer in Australia has made it a little easier for you by giving a better understanding of career choices, job prospects, study costs, career opportunities, and salary expectations.


Useful Links to Explore:


Don't forget to share this post!

Please Subscribe to our Newsletter