What Is the Climate In Australia Explained: A Complete Guide

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People want to know about Australia's different climate zones and the average temperature.


Are you moving to Australia and want to know about the various weather conditions in the country?


Do you want to know about amazing Australian climate facts? Regardless of your reason, it is always advisable to know about the climate of a particular place, especially when relocating.


If you want to learn more about Australia's climate and different weather, read this article until the end.


1. What Are The Various Seasons of Australia?


Owing to how huge the country is, Australia has different kinds of climatic conditions. In this continent, you will majorly find six climatic groups:


  • Equatorial

  • Tropical

  • Subtropical

  • Desert

  • Grassland and 

  • Temperate


Along with these climatic groups, there are widely four seasons that Australians experience. The seasons along with the duration in months, are as follows:


  • The Summer season extends from December and lasts until February. The temperature ranges from 26°C, and it may fall to 16°C. 

  • The Autumn season extends from March and it gets over by May. The average temperature in Australia during this season may go up to 20°C, and the minimum temperature may be 11 °C. 

  • The winter season starts in June and lasts till August. The temperature may increase to 14°C, and the minimum temperature may be six °C this season.

  • The spring season in Australia starts in September and lasts till November. The average temperature can reach up to 20°C and may fall to 10°C.



2. What Are The Climatic Zones In Different Places In Australia?


Two things influence the climate of Australia:


  • The enormous size of the continent

  • The hot air of the subtropical high-pressure belt.


The movement of this hot air goes from the northwest and travels along to the northeast. Most of the region of Australia is covered with desert and thus is semi-arid. While the climate of Australia is variable, the Australians experience drought for many following seasons. 


The only regions that experience temperate climates are the southeast and the southwest. These regions are known to have moderately fertile soil.


The region with a tropical climate is the northern region of Australia which has part grassland and part desert. Australia experiences extreme climatic conditions. Australia also experiences an average rainfall of 419mm, much less than other countries. 


It is a country that has experienced extreme drought conditions as well as extended wet periods. Other natural conditions that are prevalent in Australia are:


  • Dust storms

  • Tornado

  • Tropical cyclones

  • Heat waves

  • Bushfires

  • Frosts


Now that you know the climate facts and the various Australian climatic zones, it is time to learn about the different weather conditions of the other parts of Australia. Find out more down below!



3. Climatic Conditions of Different Regions Across Australia


In this section, you will learn about the different climatic conditions, mainly in the four regions: east coast, northern, western, and desert region. Let us venture through these regions one by one:



Australian East Coast


The Australian east coast covers three places - Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane. The east coast is a tourist spot because it enjoys a relatively pleasant climate. The summers are hot but become warm at night, and winters are cool with hints of rain but sometimes surprises with hot days.


Melbourne is one place that can experience all four kinds of weather in one day. It is very uncertain how it can be summer one minute, and the next minute it can feel like winter. It may even start raining without any notice. 


It gets drier and warmer the more you travel to the north. So, Brisbane has hotter yet less humid weather, and on the other hand, Sydney has comparatively hot weather but milder.



Western Australia


When someone mentions Western Australia, it means Perth. The summer in Perth is hot and dry, but the winter here is milder. But you should always expect thunderstorms and rainfall during the winter season in Perth.


The cold winds travel from Antarctica to the southern coast of Western Australia, which is why the winters are freezing here.



Northern Australia


Darwin and Cairns are the two places that encompass Northern Australia. These places are far from each other, yet they experience similar weather conditions. This region has wetter and drier weather conditions than other parts of Australia.


The rainy season for Darwin starts in November and stretches up until April. The temperature during this season can range from 25°C and can go up to 34°C. The moisture content is usually high, accompanied by storms and downpours. In the "dry" season, summers have sunny, warm, and dry days but have less humid days. The nights are cooler.


The summer in Cairns is also hot and dry, but heavy downpours accompany it. Heavy winds blow during the autumn or winter, but the heavy rainfall decreases. Even during winter, Cairns has warmer weather, but the humidity is low.



Australian Desert


The Australian desert climate is called the "outback" on maps. The weather is usually quite hot and dry. During the summers, the temperature can rise to 50°C and is blazing hot and humid. The opposite happens during winter. The temperature can drop to freezing temperatures during the winter.


Still, the Australian desert has unforeseeable weather. It can have extreme weather conditions as it may rain so much that it can fill up the saltwater lakes like lake Eyre and sometimes it will not rain for days.



4. Conclusion


While the weather in Australia may be a little complicated, you can mostly expect hot and rainy weather there.


So, if you plan to migrate to Australia, prepare your summer clothes and always carry your raincoats and umbrellas.


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